Saturday, 2 August 2014

Choosing the Crops (Groupwise) based on Water Needs

As part of our Agriculture for Everybody blog series, we are going to see how to select the Crops (Groupwise) based on Water Needs.


The Data provided below will help the farmers choose the crops based on the water availability.  The data has been grouped together for easy understanding.




Cereals


High Water Requiring
Medium Water Requiring
Low Water Requiring

Rice (1100-1250 mm)

Wheat (450-650 mm)


Fibre Crops

High Water Requiring
Medium Water Requiring
Low Water Requiring
JuteCotton (550-600 mm)Agave



Flower Crops

High Water Requiring
Medium Water Requiring
Low Water Requiring

Anthurium

Carnation

China Aster

Chrysanthemum

Crossandra

Cut Chrysanthemum

Cut Rose

Dendrobium Orchid

Gerbera

Gladious

Golden Rod

Jathimalli (Pitchi)

Lilium

Malligai

Marigold

Maruvu

Mullai

Nerium

Rose

Tuberose


Forage Crops


High Water Requiring
Medium Water Requiring
Low Water Requiring


Cumbu Napier


Deenanath Grass


Fodder Cholam


Fodder Cowpea


Fodder Cumbu


Fodder Maize


Guinea Grass


Kolukattai Pullu


Kudirai Masal (800-1600 mm)


Muyal Masal


Soundal


Veli Masal





Fruit Crops

High Water Requiring
Medium Water Requiring
Low Water Requiring
Banana (1200-2200 mm)Acidlime (900-1200 mm)Amla
Grapes (500-1200 mm)AppleAnnona
PapayaAvocadoApricot
Bread FruitBer
DurianBilimbi
Egg FruitCarambola
FigJamun
Guava (22-30 ltr/plant/day)Karonda
JackLemon
KiwiLoquat
LitchiMulberry
Mandarin OrangePhalsa
Mango (30-40 ltr/plant/day)Pineapple (700-1000 mm)
MangosteenPomegranate
Passion FruitRambutan
PeachWest Indian Cherry
Pear
Persimmon
Plum
Sapota
Strawberry
Sweet Orange


Medicinal Crops
High Water Requiring
Medium Water Requiring
Low Water Requiring
Aswagandha
Gloriosa
Phylanthus
Senna
Stevia
Periwinkle
Pyrethrum
Digitalis
Medicinal Dioscorea
Medicinal Solanum
Aloevera
Medicinal Coleus
Tippili


Millets






High Water Requiring
Medium Water Requiring
Low Water Requiring

Maize (500-600 mm)Cumbu


Kudiraivali


Panivaragu


Ragi (350 mm)


Samai


Sorghum (350-500 mm)


Tenai


Varagu





Oil Seeds



High Water Requiring
Medium Water Requiring
Low Water Requiring

Sunflower (600-1000 mm)Castor (500 mm)


Gingelly (350-400 mm)


Groundnut (500-550 mm)


Niger


Safflower




Plantation Crops

High Water Requiring
Medium Water Requiring
Low Water Requiring
ArecanutCoffeeCashewnut
BetelvineRubberPalmyrah
CocoaTea
Coconut (80-100 ltr/plant/day)

Oilpalm


Pulses



High Water Requiring
Medium Water Requiring
Low Water Requiring


Bengalgram (350 mm)


Blackgram (350 mm)


Cowpea (350 mm)


Field lablab (350 mm)


Garden lablab (350 mm)


Greengram (350 mm)


Horsegram (350 mm)


Redgram (350 mm)


Soybean (350 mm)


Swordbean (350 mm)



Spices



High Water Requiring
Medium Water Requiring
Low Water Requiring

Allspice

Cardamom

Cinnamon

Clove

Coriander

Fennel

Fenugreek

Garlic

Ginger

Mustard

Nutmeg

Paprika

Pepper (600-900 mm)

Tamarind

Turmeric

Vanilla




Sugar Crops


High Water Requiring
Medium Water Requiring
Low Water Requiring
Sugarbeet (550-750 mm)

Sugarcane (1800-2200 mm)

Sweet Sorghum



Vegetables

High Water Requiring
Medium Water Requiring
Low Water Requiring
Amaranth
Annual Moringa
Ash Gourd
Asparagus
Babycorn
Basella
Beetroot
Bellary Onion (350-550 mm)
Bhendi
Bitter Gourd
Bottle Gourd
Brinjal
Broadbeans (300-500 mm)
Brussels Sprout
Butter Bean
Cabbage (380-500 mm)
Capsicum
Carrot
Cauliflower
Celery
Ceylon Spinach
Chakravathi Keerai
Chekurmanis
Chickpea
Chillies (500 mm)
Chinese Cabbage
Chinese Potato (500-700 mm)
Chow chow
Cluster Beans (300-500 mm)
Coccinia
Colocasia
Cucumber
Curry Leaf
Dioscorea
Elephant Foot Yam
French Bean
Gherkin
Knol-khol
Lablab
Lettuce
Mint
Musk Melon
Palak
Paprika
Peas (350-500 mm)
Potato (500-700 mm)
Pumpkin
Radish
Rhubarb
Ribbed Gourd
Small Onion (350-550 mm)
Snake Gourd
Soybean
Sweet Potato
Tapioca
Tinda
Tomato (600-800 mm)
Turnip
Vegetable Cowpea
Watermelon
Winged Bean

3 comments:

  1. this is very useful thanks a lot

    ReplyDelete
  2. It is more useful for me to know about agriculture. Even a newcomers can also gain a lot of awareness.And also the level of water level Requiring mentioned is very much useful for the Experienced as well as newcomers.


    ReplyDelete
  3. Your post is really good. Useful content. Very helpful to me.

    Agricultural Machinery Manufacturer

    ReplyDelete